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How much do you know about calories, nutrients and health? Take Part Two of this nutrition test
Q1 At what point in your shopping trip would you put frozen or chilled foods into your trolley?
a) Mostly at the start of the shopping trip.
b) Always at the end of the shopping trip.
c) It would depends on where you start your shopping from as generally you start at one end and work my way systematically through the aisles.
Q2 Eggs are deficient in which of the following Vitamins?
a) Thiamine (Vitamin B)
b) Vitamin D
c) Vitamin C
d) Folate (Vitamin 9)
Q3. You weigh yourself immediately after working extra time on the treadmill. If the scales say you’ve lost 1kg weight, what would it mean?
- a) You burned a kilo of fat during your workout
- b) You lost 2 pounds of water from sweating
- c) Either of the above could be correct
Q4. One gram of fat is equivalent to how many calories?
- a) 9
- b) 7
- c) 4
Q5. What is the difference between a “use by” and a “best before” date?
- a) These mean exactly the same thing
- b) ‘Best before’ is a deadline for freezing food. ‘Use by’ is a date for eating that food
- c) A ‘Use by’ date is for foods that can be dangerous if you eat them after it. ‘Best before’ means it might not taste as good after this date
Q6. Which skin type is most at-risk of getting sun damage?
- a) Fair skinned people with red hair
- b) Olive skinned people
- c) All skin types
Always pick up your frozen or chilled foods towards the end of your shopping trip. Try to get them home and into the freezer or fridge as quickly as you can. It’s a good idea to take a cooler or insulated bag with you to keep chilled or frozen foods cold. Always keep hot and cold foods separate from each other.
Eggs contain many vitamins and minerals, including folate, with the exception of vitamin C. They are one of the few dietary sources of vitamin D and are an excellent source of B vitamins. You’ll also get several of the minerals your body needs to function, including calcium and phosphorus for bone health.
You would have lost 1 kilo from sweating as weight loss isn’t immediate. If you weigh less directly after a workout it’s because you’ve lost some water weight through sweating – not because you instantly lost fat.
Q4) – a
1 gram of fat is equivalent to 9 calories. It is recommended that you should consume less than 10% of your calories from saturated fatty acids and replace them with monounsaturated and/or polyunsaturated fatty acids. For example, when preparing foods at home, solid fats (e.g., butter, ghee, cream and lard) can be replaced with vegetable oils that are rich in monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids such as canola, olive oil, rice bran oil.
Q5) – c
Foods that have a use by date may be dangerous if you eat these after that date, but foods with a best before date may not be harmful but their taste may be a bit different after that date.
Q6) – c
All skin types are at risk of developing sun damage and skin cancer with exposure to the Australian sun. Fair-skinned people do burn more quickly than people with olive skin, but hair colour has little to do with your susceptibility to sun damage. Everyone should try to avoid the sun between 11am and 3pm, cover up with clothes and hats when they are in the sun, and use sunscreen to prevent sun damage.